Maybach, Wilhelm

Maybach, Wilhelm
b. 9 February 1846 Heilbronn, Württemberg, Germany
d. 14 December 1929 Stuttgart, Germany
German engineer and engine designer, inventor of the spray carburettor.
Orphaned at the age of 10, Maybach was destined to become one of the world's most renowned engine designers. From 1868 he was apprenticed as a draughtsman at the Briiderhaus Engineering Works in Reurlingen, where his talents were recognized by Gottlieb Daimler, who was Manager and Technical Director. Nikolaus Otto had by then developed his atmospheric engine and reorganized his company, Otto \& Langen, into Gasmotorenfabrik Deutz, of which he appointed Daimler Manager. After employment at a machine builders in Karlsruhe, in 1872 Maybach followed Daimler to Deutz where he worked as a partner on the design of high-speed engines: his engines ran at up to 900 rpm, some three times as fast as conventional engines of the time. Maybach made improvements to the timing, carburation and other features. In 1881 Daimler left the Deutz Company and set up on his own as a freelance inventor, moving with his family to Bad Cannstatt; in April 1882 Maybach joined him as Engineer and Designer to set up a partnership to develop lightweight high-speed engines suitable for vehicles. A motor cycle appeared in 1885 and a modified horse-drawn carriage was fitted with a Maybach engine in 1886. Other applications to small boats, fire-engine pumps and small locomotives quickly followed, and the Vee engine of 1890 that was fitted into the French Peugeot automobiles had a profound effect upon the new sport of motor racing. In 1895 Daimler won the first international motor race and the same year Maybach became Technical Director of the Daimler firm. In 1899 Emil Jellinek, Daimler agent in France and also Austro-Hungarian consul, required a car to compete with Panhard and Levassor, who had been victorious in the Paris-Bordeaux race; he wanted more power and a lower centre of gravity, and turned to Maybach with his requirements, the 35 hp Daimler- Simplex of 1901 being the outcome. Its performance and road holding superseded those of all others at the time; it was so successful that Jellinek immediately placed an order for thirty-six cars. His daughter's name was Mercedes, after whom, when the merger of Daimler and Benz came about, the name Mercedes-Benz was adopted.
In his later years, Maybach designed the engine for the Zeppelin airships. He retired from the Daimler Company in 1907.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Society of German Engineers Grashof Medal (its highest honour). In addition to numerous medals and titles from technical institutions, Maybach was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Stuttgart Institute of Technology.
Further Reading
F.Schidberger, Gottlieb Daimler, Wilhelm Maybach and Karl Benz, Stuttgart: Daimler Benz AG.
1961, The Annals of Mercedes-Benz Motor Vehicles and Engines, 2nd edn, Stuttgart: Daimler Benz AG.
E.Johnson, 1986, The Dawn of Motoring.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maybach, Wilhelm — ▪ German engineer and manufacturer born Feb. 9, 1846, Heilbronn, Württemberg [Germany] died Dec. 29, 1929, Stuttgart, Ger.       German engineer and industrialist who was the chief designer of the first Mercedes automobiles (1900–01).       From… …   Universalium

  • Wilhelm Maybach — Naissance 9 février 1846 Heilbronn (Allemagne) Décès 29 décembre 1929 (à 83 ans) Stuttgart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilhelm Maybach — en 1900 Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maybach — Maybach,   Wilhelm, Konstrukteur und Unternehmer, * Heilbronn 9. 2. 1846, ✝ Stuttgart 29. 12. 1929; engster Mitarbeiter G. W. Daimlers; ab 1895 technischer Direktor der Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft; war an der Konstruktion des ersten schnell… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH — Die Maybach Motorenbau GmbH (bis 1918: Luftfahrzeug Motorenbau GmbH) war ein deutscher Motoren und Pkw Hersteller. Das Unternehmen wurde 1909 von Wilhelm Maybach und Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin in Bissingen/Enz gegründet. 1912 siedelte die Firma… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Maybach — IPA| [ˈvɪl.hɛlm ˈmai.bax] (February 9, 1846 ndash; December 29, 1929), was an early German engine designer and industrialist. In the 1890s he was hailed in France, then the world centre for car production, as the King of constructors . From the… …   Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Maybach — um 1900 August Wilhelm Maybach (* 9. Februar 1846 in Heilbronn; † 29. Dezember 1929 in Stuttgart Cannstatt) war ein deutscher Autokonstrukteur und Unternehmer. Inhalt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maybach Motorenbau — Maybach Logo de Maybach Manufaktur Création 1910 Fondateur(s) Wilhelm Maybach Personna …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maybach — Tipo Subsidiaria Fundación 1909 Sede Stuttgart …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maybach Manufaktur — est une division du groupe automobile Daimler AG, qui produit et distribue les berlines de la marque Maybach. Le constructeur automobile allemand de voitures de luxe Maybach disparut en 1944. Mercedes Benz racheta la marque dans le but de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maybach — Motorenbau GmbH fundado por Wilhelm Maybach y su hijo Karl Maybach en 1909, era una empresa alemana dedicada a fabricar motorores para zeppelines y más tarde coches de gran lujo. La compañía tiene raíces históricas con la implicación de su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”